MC# 22-05 - A Phase I Open-label, Multicenter, Dose-ranging Study to Investigate Safety and Tolerability, Efficacy, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Immunogenicity of MT-6402 in Subjects with Advanced Solid Cancer That Expresses PD-L1
Disease Type(s): Solid Tumor, Lung-NSCLC, Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
Drug Classification(s): Immunotherapy, Targeted Therapy
Molecular Target(s): PD-L1 (CD274)
Mechanism of Action
MT-6402 may bind and kill both tumor and immune PD-L1 expressing cells in a manner consistent with SLTA mediated cellular cytotoxicity through ribosomal inactivation, independent of checkpoint inhibition.
In this study, the sponsor and investigators want to learn:
- How much of MT-6402 can be given with an acceptable level of side effects
- The effects of MT-6402 (good and bad)
- How much of MT-6402 is absorbed into the blood and how fast it is removed
- Confirm next phase dose
- Subject must be at least 18 years old and must have histologically confirmed, unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic PD-L1-expressing solid cancer not amenable to standard treatment, or standard treatment is not available, or in the Investigator’s opinion the standard treatment would not be in the subject’s best interest. Any level of PD-L1 expression assessed by using any FDA approved PD-L1 IHC assay is accepted. The assessment should have been performed on the most recent available tissue from a site of metastatic disease (if possible).
- Subject must have evaluable or measurable disease
- Subject must be at least 18 years old and must have histologically confirmed, unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic PD-L1-expressing solid cancer (defined below) not amenable to standard treatment, or standard treatment is not available, or in the Investigator’s opinion the standard treatment would not be in the subject’s best interest. PD-L1 expression must be assessed at screening by the study’s central laboratory, using VENTANA SP263 PD-L1 assay on a tissue from a site of metastatic disease (if possible). For this purpose, recent archived tissue suitable for PD-L1 expression assessment by IHC (obtained after the last treatment and within 6 months) or fresh biopsy material can be used. The PD-L1 assessment must show at least 5% vCPS (visually estimated Combined Positive Score) for eligibility.
- Arm 1: Histologically confirmed recurrent or metastatic NSCLC not amenable to standard treatment, or standard treatment is not available, or in the Investigator’s opinion the standard treatment would not be in the subject’s best interest. NOTE: subjects with driver mutations are only eligible if they have received all appropriate targeted therapies
- Arm 2: Histologically confirmed recurrent or metastatic SCCHN (oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, or larynx) not amenable to standard treatment, or standard treatment is not available, or in the Investigator’s opinion the standard treatment would not be in the subject’s best interest. Subjects who refuse radical resection are eligible. NOTE: squamous cell carcinoma of any other primary anatomic location in the head and neck, subjects with SCCHN of unknown primary, and subjects with skin SCCHN are not eligible for this arm. The tumor must be platinum resistant or the subject ineligible for platinum therapy due to hypersensitivity or concerns with ototoxicity.
- Arm 3: Subjects with any other relapsed or refractory PD-L1 positive solid tumor not amenable to standard treatment, or standard treatment is not available, or in the Investigator’s opinion the standard treatment would not be in the subject’s best interest, who received PD-1/PD-L1 treatment. Subjects with PD-L1 positive solid tumor types, for which PD-1/PD-L1 treatment is not approved, could be enrolled at the Investigator’s discretion and after discussion with the Medical Monitor.
- Subject must have at least 1 measurable tumor lesion according to RECIST 1.1.
Parts A and B
- Subject must have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance score of 0 or 1
- Prior treatment must include a CPI (ie, PD-1 inhibitors, PD-L1 inhibitors with or without CTLA-4 inhibitors) if there is an approved CPI for the specific cancer type. Subjects may also have received CPIs in an investigational setting. Subjects who have not received a CPI and where there is no approved CPI for the specific cancer type could be enrolled at the Investigator’s discretion and after discussion with the Medical Monitor.
- Subject must have adequate bone marrow function (NOTE: administration of blood products and growth factors is not allowed within 2 weeks prior to screening laboratory tests):
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500/μL
- platelet count ≥ 100,000/μL
- hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL
- Subject must have adequate renal function, based on estimated creatinine clearance (eCrCl) ≥ 50 mL/min, calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault equation. NOTE: At the Investigator’s discretion, the eCrCl result < 50 mL/min may be verified by measured creatinine clearance (mCrCl) based on the 24-hour urine collection. Subjects with mCrCl ≥ 50 mL/min will be eligible irrespective of the eCrCl result calculated by the Cockcroft-Gault equation.
- Subject must have adequate hepatic function, as determined by:
- total bilirubin (or direct bilirubin for subjects with Gilbert’s disease) < 1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN)
- aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤ 3 × ULN (or ≤ 5 × ULN if liver metastasis)
- alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 × ULN (or ≤ 5 × ULN if liver metastasis).
- Subject must have adequate serum albumin (albumin ≥ 2.5 g/dL)
- Women of reproductive potential must have a negative highly sensitive pregnancy test within 72 hours before the start of treatment. Women who are postmenopausal (> 1 year since last menstrual cycle) or permanently sterilized (eg, bilateral tubal occlusion, hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy) may be considered as not of reproductive potential.
- Subjects of reproductive potential must agree either to abstain continuously from heterosexual intercourse or to use a highly effective birth control method from signing the informed consent until 30 days after the last dose of MT-6402 for females and until 90 days after the last dose of MT-6402 for males. Refer to Section 10.4 for guidance on contraception.
- Subjects without available tissue from a site of metastatic disease or easily biopsiable lesion (biopsy sites of non-significant risk, in the opinion of the Investigator) or unwilling to consent to biopsy
- Subjects without easily biopsiable lesions (biopsy sites of non-significant risk, in the opinion of the Investigator) or unwilling to consent to biopsy
Parts A and B
- History or current evidence of another neoplastic disease, except cervical carcinoma in situ, superficial noninvasive bladder tumors, curatively treated Stage I to II non-melanoma skin cancer or any previous cancer curatively treated > 2 years before the start of treatment
- Active autoimmune disease currently under treatment or required systemic treatment within 2 years (replacement therapy, eg, thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency is allowed). Subjects who have not required systemic treatment of an auto-immune disease for at least 2 years may be enrolled if permission is provided after discussion with the Medical Monitor.
- Ongoing > Grade 1 immune related toxicity caused by prior CPI therapy (ie, PD-1 inhibitors, PD-L1 inhibitors, or CTLA-4 inhibitors). Subjects with stable endocrinological AEs, eg, hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency, hypopituitarism, or diabetes mellitus, must have been on a stable dose of supplemental therapy for at least 2 weeks before screening to be eligible for this study.
- Evidence of active noninfectious ≥ Grade 2 pneumonitis or current evidence of ≥ Grade 3 other underlying pulmonary disease
- Received any of the following PD-L1 inhibitors within the following time periods prior to the first dose of MT-6402: atezolizumab - 12 months; durvalumab - 7 months; avelumab – 2 months
- Any concurrent cancer treatment, apart from local treatment of non-target lesions for palliative intent (eg, local surgery or radiotherapy)
- Prior radiation therapy within 4 weeks before the start of study treatment. NOTE: A lesion in a previously irradiated area can only be considered target lesion if there has been radiographical disease progression since the end of radiation therapy.
- Received approved or investigational treatment for the disease under study (except PD-L1 inhibitors where exclusion criterion 6 applies) within 4 weeks before the start of treatment. For small molecules (MW < 0.9 kDa), the washout is 5 half-lives, but at least 2 weeks.
- Subjects who have had allogeneic tissue or solid organ transplantation
- Current evidence of new or growing CNS metastases during screening. Subjects with known asymptomatic CNS metastases will be eligible if they meet all the following criteria:
- Had radiotherapy or another appropriate therapy for the CNS metastases
- Have stable CNS disease on the computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan within 4 weeks before screening compared with prior neuro-imaging
- Major surgical procedure (as defined by the Investigator) within 28 days prior to the start of study treatment
- History or current evidence of significant cardiovascular disease before the start of treatment, including but not limited to the following conditions:
- Angina pectoris requiring anti-anginal medication, (chest pain: Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [CTCAE] Grade ≥ 2)
- Clinically significant valvular disease
- Myocardial infarction within 12 months prior to the start of treatment
- Arterial thrombosis or pulmonary embolism within 3 months before the start of treatment
- History of Grade ≥ 2 symptomatic congestive heart failure (CHF) or New York Heart Association (NYHA) criteria Class ≥ II
- Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 55%, assessed preferably by echocardiogram (ECHO) or MUGA scan if ECHO is not available, within 28 days before starting study treatment
- High-risk uncontrolled arrhythmias (ie, atrial tachycardia with a heart rate > 100/min at rest and upon repeated testing), significant ventricular arrhythmia (CTCAE Grade ≥ 2 [ventricular tachycardia], or higher-grade atrioventricular [AV]-block [second degree AV-block Type 2 [Mobitz 2] or third-degree AV-block]) or left ventricular bundle branch block. Subjects receiving digoxin, calcium channel blockers, or beta-adrenergic blockers are eligible at the Investigator’s discretion after consultation with the Medical Monitor if the dose has been stable for ≥ 2 weeks before the start of treatment with MT-6402.
- Any of the following within 3 months before the start of treatment: pericarditis (any CTCAE Grade), pericardial effusion (CTCAE Grade ≥ 2), non-malignant pleural effusion (CTCAE Grade ≥ 2) or malignant pleural effusion (CTCAE Grade ≥ 3) (subjects with pleural effusion that is manageable and stable > 3 months prior to study are eligible).
- QT interval correction for heart rate using Fridericia’s formula (QTcF) ≥ 470 ms (average from 3 QTcF values on the triplicate 12-lead ECG) at screening. In subjects with right bundle branch blocks, additional corrections will be performed to calculate the QT equivalent JT, and depending on the result the subject may be eligible with the agreement of the Medical Monitor.
- Current evidence of uncontrolled human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), or hepatitis C virus (HCV) at screening. Serology testing is not required if seronegativity is documented in the medical history, and if there are no clinical signs suggestive of HIV or hepatitis infections, or suspected exposure. The following exceptions apply for subjects with positive viral serology:
- Subjects with HIV and an undetectable viral load and CD4+ T-cell (CD4+) counts ≥ 350 cells/mL may be enrolled, but must be taking appropriate opportunistic infection prophylaxis, if clinically relevant
- Subjects with positive HBV serology are eligible if they have an undetectable viral load and the subject will receive antiviral prophylaxis for potential HBV reactivation per institutional guidelines
- Subjects with positive HCV serology are eligible if quantitative polymerase chain reaction for plasma HCV RNA is below the lower limit of detection. Concurrent antiviral HCV treatment per institutional guidelines is allowed.
- Current treatment requiring systemic steroids at doses > 10 mg/day prednisone equivalent
- Subjects with a history of hypersensitivity or serious toxic reactions to kanamycin or other aminoglycosides
- Subjects with unintentional weight loss > 10% of their body weight over the preceding 2 months or less before screening
- Female subjects who are pregnant or breastfeeding
- History or evidence of any other clinically significant (CS) disorder, condition or disease (with the exception of those outlined above) that, in the opinion of the Investigator or Medical Monitor, if consulted, would pose a risk to subject safety or interfere with the study evaluation, procedures or completion
- Dallas, TX - Mary Crowley Cancer Research - Medical City